The Not Ordinarily Resident (NOR) Scheme extends favourable tax treatment to qualifying individuals for a period of five years of assessment, provided such individuals meet the following criteria:
- The individual must not have been a Singapore resident in the 3 consecutive years of assessment before the year he first qualifies for the NOR scheme; and
- The individual must be a tax resident for the year of assessment in which he wishes to qualify for the NOR scheme and must also be employed by a Singapore employer.
If you satisfy the above conditions and are accorded NOR status, you would be able to enjoy the following tax concessions:-
- Applicable if you have spent at least 90 days outside Singapore for business and derived a minimum annual income of S$160,000 from Singapore employment in the preceding year. You will only pay income tax on the portion of your employment income (including all benefits-in-kind with effect from Year of Assessment 20## but excluding director’s fees and any income tax payable in Singapore that is borne directly or indirectly by your company) according to the time you spend in Singapore.
- Tax exemption of employer’s contribution to Non mandatory Overseas Pension Fund or Social Security Scheme
- Applicable if you derive a minimum annual income of S$160,000 from Singapore employment in the preceding year. The employer’s contribution to non mandatory overseas pension funds or social security schemes for non-citizens/ non-permanent residents of Singapore is tax exempt subject to NOR cap computed based on the contribution made by employer to the CPF for a Singapore citizen as required under the CPF Act and the employer does not claim deduction for the contribution.
Area Representative Scheme:
By concession, an area representative is taxed in Singapore on a proportion of the total remuneration package corresponding to the proportion of working days spent in Singapore during the year. However, benefits-in-kind provided in Singapore are fully taxable.
To qualify as an Area Representative, you must satisfy these four criteria below:
- you work in the representative office of a non-resident employer;
- you are based in Singapore for geographical convenience;
- you are required to travel substantially as you performed your duties for the foreign employer; and
- your remuneration is paid by your foreign employer and not charged to a permanent establishment in Singapore.
Under the Area Representative Scheme, even though your physical presence in Singapore might be less than 183 days in a calendar year due to substantial travelling, if your employment is a continuous period of at least 183 days straddling two years (under the two-year administrative concession) or if your employment in Singapore covers three continuous years (under the three-year administrative concession), you will be considered as a tax resident in Singapore for each year.
Alternatively, if you are working for a group of companies, it may be possible to have a separate contract of employment for duties to be performed wholly outside Singapore (in respect of a non-resident employer) with a view to exclude the earnings from that offshore employment from Singapore tax.
The IRAS routinely questions whether the duties performed inside and outside Singapore are genuinely separated and whether there are commercial and economic justifications for dual employment contracts. Therefore, these and other points would have to be considered in assessing whether separate employments would be justifiable. It is expected that most people who have a bona fide reason for a split contract should qualify under The Not Ordinarily Resident Scheme (see below). For this reason, it is anticipated that the IRAS will closely scrutinise dual contract arrangements implemented after the introduction of the Not Ordinarily Resident Scheme in the Year of Assessment 2003.